Hamas, an Islamist militant movement and political party in the Palestinian territories, has a long history of conflict with Israel. Its primary demands, as outlined in its 1988 charter and subsequent documents, include the destruction of Israel, the establishment of an Islamic society in historic Palestine, and an interim Palestinian state along the “Green Line” border. Despite attempts to moderate its image, Hamas refuses to recognize Israel, and its stance has fueled ongoing instability in Gaza.
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Summary of what does Hamas want from Israel
|Destruction of Israel||Hamas’s 1988 charter called for the eradication of Israel.|
|Establishment of an Islamic society||Hamas envisions an Islamic society in historic Palestine.|
|An interim Palestinian state||In a 2017 document, Hamas accepted the establishment of a temporary Palestinian state along the pre-Six-Day War borders.|
What does Hamas want from Israel?
Founded in 1987 as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas emerged in response to a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation. Its initial purpose was to counter the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, another group committed to violent resistance against Israel. Over the years, Hamas’s hostility towards Israel has persisted, leading to numerous conflicts.
Hamas’s leadership structure includes a host of bodies that carry out various political, military, and social functions. Its funding, primarily from Iran and private donors in the Persian Gulf, has been instrumental in sustaining its activities. However, the group’s actions and demands have significantly impeded the prospects for peace and stability in the region.
Strategically what do Hamas hope to achieve? Asking this question is inseparable from asking what does Iran hope to achieve? They both abhor a two state solution, neither wants peace with Israel in any form & both want hegemony. Hamas over the Palestinian people, Iran regionally
— Phillip Blond (@Phillip_Blond) October 10, 2023
Hamas, an acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya (“Islamic Resistance Movement”), was established by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin. Initially, Hamas served as a counterforce to the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, seeking to garner support for the Muslim Brotherhood. However, its charter’s call for the destruction of Israel marked a turning point in its trajectory.
With Ismail Haniyeh serving as the political chief, Hamas has a complex leadership structure. Its leaders operate from various locations, including Qatar and Turkey. Some of its leaders, such as Yahya Sinwar, have served time in Israeli prisons for their militant activities.
Despite being designated a terrorist entity and cut off from official U.S. and EU assistance, Hamas receives substantial funding from Iran, private donors, and Palestinian expatriates. The group has also taxed goods moving through tunnels circumventing the Egyptian crossing into Gaza, generating significant revenue.
Hamas’s Governance in Gaza
Since its takeover of Gaza in 2005, Hamas has established a judiciary and put in place authoritarian institutions. However, its governance has been marked by lack of transparency, repression of media and political opposition, and restrictions on women’s dress and public behavior.
Hamas’s Challenges to Israel
Hamas has continuously launched rockets into Israel, carried out incursions into Israeli territory, and engaged in deadly conflicts. Its most recent assault on southern Israel in 2023, dubbed “Operation Al-Aqsa Storm,” has been the deadliest attack on Israeli soil in decades.
Hamas’s demands from Israel and its violent approach have significantly hindered the prospects for peace and stability in the region. Despite attempts to moderate its image, the group’s refusal to recognize Israel and its continued armed resistance pose serious challenges to the resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
1. What is Hamas?
Hamas is an Islamist militant movement and political party in the Palestinian territories. It governs the Gaza Strip and is known for its armed resistance to Israel.
2. What does Hamas want from Israel?
Hamas’s demands include the destruction of Israel, the establishment of an Islamic society in historic Palestine, and an interim Palestinian state along the pre-Six-Day War borders.
3. Where does Hamas get its funding?
Hamas is primarily funded by Iran, private donors in the Persian Gulf, and Palestinian expatriates. It also generates revenue through taxes on goods moving through tunnels into Gaza.
4. How does Hamas govern Gaza?
Hamas has established a judiciary and put in place authoritarian institutions in Gaza. However, its rule has been marked by lack of transparency, media repression, and restrictions on women’s dress and public behavior.
5. How has Hamas challenged Israel?
Hamas has continuously launched rockets into Israel, carried out incursions into Israeli territory, and engaged in deadly conflicts. Its most recent assault on southern Israel in 2023 has been the deadliest attack on Israeli soil in decades.
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