Established in 1987 during the first intifada, or uprising, Hamas is a militant Palestinian group that has been ruling the Gaza Strip since 2007. The Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas was founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and has its roots linked to the Muslim Brotherhood founded in Egypt in the 1920s.
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Summary of who is Hamas group
|Founder||Sheikh Ahmed Yassin|
|Designation||Designated as a terrorist group by the U.S. State Department in 1997|
|Current Leaders||Ismail Haniyeh and Yehia Sinwar|
Who is Hamas group
Starting as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas has evolved over the years into a prominent political faction in the Palestinian territories. The group has gained notoriety for its aggressive approach to achieving its goals, including launching suicide bombings and other deadly attacks against Israeli soldiers and civilians.
Although the group has distanced itself from the Brotherhood in recent years, it continues to uphold the same radical ideals, including a vow to annihilate Israel.
This is an example of how some Muslims put their religion above their nation. This woman is an American citizen who lives and works in America, but she supports Hamas, a terrorist group that attacks Israel. She is a traitor to her country and a threat to peace. #HamasTerrorism… pic.twitter.com/vL9PK19LfN
— News Hrs (@newshrstweet) October 10, 2023
In 2006, Hamas won parliamentary elections in the Gaza Strip. The following year, it seized control from the internationally recognized Palestinian Authority, leading to a violent power struggle with rival faction Fatah.
Designation as a Terrorist Group
The United States State Department designated Hamas as a terrorist organization in 1997. The European Union and several other Western countries have followed suit, based largely on the group’s history of attacks on Israel.
Strategy and Tactics
Hamas has a history of using violence as a means to its ends. The group has orchestrated numerous suicide bombings and rocket attacks on Israel, and has built a network of tunnels for smuggling weapons and launching attacks.
Over the years, Hamas has received support from several Arab countries, including Qatar and Turkey. More recently, the group has moved closer to Iran and its allies.
Today, Hamas is led by Ismail Haniyeh and Yehia Sinwar. The two have realigned the group’s leadership with Iran and its allies, including Lebanon’s Hezbollah.
Despite its designation as a terrorist organization by several countries, Hamas continues to exert significant influence in the Gaza Strip and beyond. The group’s ability to adapt and survive despite international condemnation and economic sanctions speaks to its resilience and the complexity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
1. When was Hamas founded?
Hamas was founded in 1987.
2. Who founded Hamas?
Sheikh Ahmed Yassin founded Hamas.
3. When was Hamas designated as a terrorist group by the U.S. State Department?
The U.S. State Department designated Hamas as a terrorist group in 1997.
4. Who are the current leaders of Hamas?
The current leaders of Hamas are Ismail Haniyeh and Yehia Sinwar.
5. What is Hamas’ main strategy?
Hamas uses violence as a means to achieve its goals, including suicide bombings, rocket attacks, and tunneling for smuggling and attacks.
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