Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen, is the current president of the State of Palestine and the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). Born on November 15, 1935, Abbas has been the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since 2004, and has held the presidency of the PNA and the State of Palestine since January and May 2005 respectively. A member of the Fatah party, he was elected chairman in 2009.
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Summary of who is the Palestinian president
|Name||Birthdate||Political Party||Positions Held|
|Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen)||15 November 1935||Fatah||Chairman of the PLO (2004-Present), PNA President (2005-Present), State of Palestine President (2005-Present)|
Who is the Palestinian president
Mahmoud Abbas, originally from Safed in the Galilee region of Mandatory Palestine (now Israel), is a key figure in Palestinian politics. Educated in law at the University of Damascus and earning a Candidate of Sciences degree at the Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow, Abbas has dedicated his life to the Palestinian cause.
Known for his negotiation skills, Abbas was a central figure in the 1993 Oslo Accords. Despite accusations of eroding democratic institutions and authoritarian policies, he is internationally recognized in his position(s) and has been instrumental in leading negotiations with rival factions like Hamas, resulting in an agreement for a Unity Government in 2014.
Abbas started his political career as a founding member of Fatah, one of the major Palestinian political parties. He first served as the prime minister of the Palestinian Authority in 2003 but resigned due to political frustrations.
Following the death of Yasser Arafat in 2004, Abbas was elected as chairman of Fatah’s Central Committee and the PLO’s Executive Committee. He was elected president of the PA in January 2005 with 62 percent of the vote.
During his presidency, Abbas has extended his term citing the PLO constitution and was voted into office indefinitely by the PLO Central Council in December 2009. This move was initially not recognized by Hamas, Fatah’s main rival, but they later accepted his office after numerous negotiations.
In 2011, Abbas oversaw Palestine’s successful application to be recognized as a state at the United Nations General Assembly.
Abbas has faced criticism for his leadership style, including accusations of filling the Central Committee with close allies and forcing out rivals. He is also accused of weakening the judiciary and entrenching the PA’s authoritarian policies.
He has been denounced as a Holocaust denier for his numerous statements throughout the years. However, Abbas has always denied these allegations and reiterated his commitment to the peace process.
Abbas is married to Amina Abbas and they had three sons. The eldest, Mazen Abbas, passed away in 2002. Their other two sons are Yasser Abbas, a Canadian businessman, and Tareq, a business executive.
Abbas has eight grandchildren, six of whom are part of the Seeds of Peace initiative, a program aimed at promoting understanding between young Israelis and Palestinians.
Concerns have been raised about Abbas’s health in recent years, partly due to his heavy smoking. He was briefly hospitalized in the US for medical checks in February 2018.
Mahmoud Abbas, a central figure in Palestinian politics, continues to lead the Palestinian Authority as its president. Despite criticisms and controversies, his contributions to the Palestinian cause and the peace process remain significant. His health, however, may pose challenges to his leadership in the future.
1. Who is Mahmoud Abbas?
Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen, is the current president of the State of Palestine and the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
2. When was Mahmoud Abbas born?
Mahmoud Abbas was born on November 15, 1935.
3. What political party does Mahmoud Abbas belong to?
Mahmoud Abbas is a member of the Fatah party.
4. What positions does Mahmoud Abbas hold?
Mahmoud Abbas is the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and the president of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and the State of Palestine.
5. What controversies are associated with Mahmoud Abbas?
Abbas has been accused of eroding democratic institutions, weakening the judiciary, entrenching the PA’s authoritarian policies, and distorting Jewish history. He has been denounced as a Holocaust denier for his numerous statements throughout the years.
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